What is Atrioventricular Septal Defect?
Your heart lies at the center of your cardiovascular system. The organ that pumps blood to every cell in your body is your heart.
The blood vessels of your body are what your heart uses to transport blood. Your blood has oxygen that your cells require in order to function and survive.
Atrioventricular septal defect refers to a condition in which there is a large hole in your septum. Your septum is the wall that divides the left and right sides of your heart. Atrioventricular septal defect is also marked by difficulties with your heart valves that control the blood flow in your heart.
Atrioventricular septal defect may be looked at as being either partial or complete. The partial kind of atrioventricular septal defect is limited to involving the two upper chambers of your heart. The complete type of this defect allows blood to flow freely among all four chambers of your heart.
Extra blood is circulated to your lungs in both types of atrioventricular septal defect. This results in your heart being enlarged and overworked.
Other names of Atrioventricular septal defect
Atrioventricular septal defect is known by other names. It is also referred to as endocardial cushion defect, atrioventricular canal defect, atrioventricular (AV) canal, complete common AV canal and complete AV canal.
Atrioventricular septal defect is a congenital heart defect. This means that it is a defect that you were born with. Atrioventricular septal defect is really a combination of several congenital heart defects. These defects take place during fetal growth while your heart is still forming inside of your mother. However, the causes of these defects have not yet been discovered.
Risk Factors of Atrioventricular septal defect
There are some risk factors that may increase your likelihood of having atrioventricular septal defect. These may include:
- Your mother had diabetes
- Your mother drank alcohol to excess during pregnancy
- Your mother took certain medications during pregnancy like isotretinoin and lithium
- Your mother had German measles or some other viral disorder during early pregnancy.
Symptoms of Atrioventricular septal defect
You may not experience any signs or symptoms at all with partial atrioventricular septal defect until you reach your 20s and 30s. The signs and symptoms that are brought about by partial atrioventricular septal defect are usually connected with complications that may result from this type of the heart defect. Some of these are:
- Congestive heart failure
- Heart arrhythmias (this is when your heart beats either too fast or too slow)
- High blood pressure in your lungs (pulmonary hypertension).
More indicating signs you might have Atrioventricular septal defect
There are also several signs and symptoms that you may experience, which may be an indication of complete atrioventricular septal defect. Some of these may include:
- Swelling (edema) of your abdomen (ascites)
- A persistent cough that has white or pink blood-tinged phlegm
- Sudden weight gain that results from the retention of fluid
- Wheezing (a high-pitched whistling sound that is made as you breathe)
- A bluish discoloration of your lips and skin (cyanosis)
- An irregular or rapid heartbeat (cardiac arrhythmia)
- Having a difficult time trying to breathe (dyspnea)
- A decrease in alertness
- A lack of appetite
- Fatigue and weakness
- Poor weight gain
- Edema (swelling) in your legs, ankles or feet.
Is the reason why you cannot work because of the fact that you have become incapacitated due to complications that have developed from atrioventricular septal defect and/or other conditions that you are afflicted with besides this defect? If this is where you are at, you may be trying to get financial assistance?
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