Asymmetric Psoriatic Arthritis
There are five forms of psoriatic arthritis. They are symmetric psoriatic arthritis, spondylitis, arthritis mutilans, distal interphalangeal predominant and asymmetric psoriatic arthritis.
Unlike symmetric psoriatic arthritis, asymmetric psoriatic arthritis does not affect the same joint on both sides of your body. However, any joint in your body can be affected by asymmetric psoriatic arthritis.
Asymmetric psoriatic arthritis usually affects anywhere from one to three of the joints of your body. These may be either small or large joints, such as your hip, knee or one or more of your fingers.
What does Asymmetric psoriatic arthritis look like?
A sausage-like appearance of your toes and fingers is typical with asymmetric psoriatic arthritis. This form of the disease is also marked by your affected joints being swollen, painful, warm and red.
Asymmetric psoriatic arthritis is thought of as a milder type of psoriatic arthritis. However, it can be disabling in some people.
Causes and Signs of Asymmetric psoriatic arthritis
The exact cause of asymmetric psoriatic arthritis is not yet known. Researchers think that asymmetric psoriatic arthritis may be caused by a combination of immune, environmental and genetic factors. Somewhere around 40% of the people who have asymmetric psoriatic arthritis or psoriasis have a close relative who is also afflicted with this disease.
There are several signs and symptoms that you may experience, which may be an indication of asymmetric psoriatic arthritis. Some of these may include:
- A sausage-like swelling or appearance of your toes and fingers that is referred to as dactylitis
- Your affected joints being painful, swollen and stiff
- Your affected joints being red or warm to the touch
- A reduction in the range of motion in your joints that are affected
- Pitting (small depressions) of your nails
- Detachment of your toenails or fingernails.
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