Learning disabilities is a term that may have been used in reference to your child. Learning disabilities is a term that may be very disturbing to you as a parent.
It is extremely important that you understand what learning disabilities are not. Learning disabilities are not about motivation or intelligence. Children who have learning disabilities are not dumb or lazy. Most children with learning disabilities are just as smart and intelligent as children who do not have these disorders.
What, then, are learning disabilities? Learning disabilities are simply having your brain wired differently from other people. This involves how information is processed and received.
In a different way
Another way to say this is that children who have learning disabilities hear, understand and see things in a different way. This may mean that your child has difficulty learning new skills and information, and how to put them into practice.
There are several different types of learning disabilities that affect the manner in which children remember, understand, acquire, express and organize verbal and non-verbal information. These learning disabilities may range in severity from mild to severe. They may interfere with your child’s ability to learn one of more of the following skills. These include:
Mathematics – Problem solving and computation
Written language – Spelling and written expression
Reading – Decoding and comprehension
Oral Language – Listening, understanding and speaking
Some of the different types of learning disabilities are:
Communication Disorder – Mixed receptive-expressive or stuttering language disorder, expressive language disorder, phonological disorder
Motor Skills Disorder – Developmental coordination disorder
Learning Disorders – Mathematics disorder, reading disorder or disorder of written expression.
Learning disabilities are not easy to recognize. Due to the wide variations of these disorders, there is no single sign or symptom to watch for that will be proof of the problem.
The signs and symptoms of learning disabilities are a diverse set of characteristics that affect achievement and development. Some of the signs and symptoms are present in all children at some point in their development. However, children who have learning disabilities will usually show a cluster of signs and symptoms that they do not outgrow. Possible signs and symptoms include:
Problems with sequencing
Disorganization and other sensory problems
Immature speech, delayed speech development
A short attention span
Performs differently from day to day
Poorly coordinated, hand-eye coordination difficulty
Problems with understanding concepts or words
Poor reading and/or writing ability
Problems with sounding out words
Problems with listening and remembering
An inability to discriminate among/between numerals, sounds or letters
Difficulty following directions
Placing letters in incorrect sequence
Problems with knowing left from right and telling time
Says one thing, but means another
Does not adjust well to change
Responds inappropriately in many instances
Being hard to discipline
Impulsive, distractible, restless.
Researchers have ideas about why learning disabilities take place, but no one knows for sure what causes them. Some of these possible things that may result in learning disabilities are environmental impact, hereditary or genetic influences and brain development.
If your child has a severe learning disability and your income and financial resources are below certain amounts, your child may qualify to get Social Security disability benefits that are known as Supplemental Security Income (SSI).
- Speech delays and SSI Disability for Children (disabilitybenefitshome.com)